SIGNIFICANT DAYS OF "OCTOBER"

OCTOBER IN KERALA HISTORY

 



 

   

October 01 – INTERNATIONAL DAY OF OLDER PERSONS

International Day of Older Persons is observed to recognize the contributions of older persons and to examine issues that affect their lives. The objectives of the International Day of Older Persons are to draw attention to enabling conditions/measures that influence the readiness of older persons to participate including securing healthcare, regular income, legal protection and access to financial services, and to facilitate contributions and participation in old age, including technology, education and lifelong learning, access to information, as well as overcoming barriers that exclude or discriminate against older persons.

The theme of International Day of Older Persons 2018 is “Celebrating Older Human Rights champions”. The theme aims to promote the rights enshrined in the Declaration and what it means in the daily lives of older persons; raise the visibility of older people as participating members of society committed to improving the enjoyment of human rights in many areas of life and not just those that affect them immediately; and engage broad audiences across the world and mobilize people for human rights at all stages of life.

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OCTOBER 01 – INTERNATIONAL MUSIC DAY

International Music day was initiated on the 1st October in 1975 by Lord Yehudi Menuhin. It was first organized by the International Music Council on 1st October, 1975, in accordance with the resolution taken at the 15th General Assembly in Lausanne in 1973. World Music Day aims to create global atmosphere of music, a platform for people to come together with their diversities and mingle to make one unified whole

   

 

 

 

 

OCTOBER 01 – WORLD VEGETARIAN DAY

World Vegetarian Day is observed to draw global attention to the health and environmental beneWorld Vegetarian Day was founded in 1977 by the North American Vegetarian Societyfits of vegetarianism and focuses on the ethics of following a vegetarian lifestyle.

OCTOBER 01 – WORLD HABITAT DAY

World Habitat Day is observed on the first Monday of October every year. This year it falls on 1st October.  It was in 1985 that the United Nations designated the first Monday of October every year as World Habitat Day. World Habitat Day was first celebrated in 1986 with the theme “Shelter is My Right”. The World Habitat Day aims to draw the people attention towards the anxious need of poor people for an adequate housing.  It is also intended to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat. It is observed that approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide are living in substandard housing.

This year’s theme is Municipal Solid Waste Management”. The theme aims to raise awareness that Municipal solid waste is a global challenge that all of us need to address, facilitate policy dialogue and form partnerships, promote innovative solutions to municipal solid waste management, and to mobilize resources to address the municipal solid waste challenges

   

   

OCTOBER 02 - GANDHI JAYANTHI

Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation.

OCTOBER 02 -  INTERNATIONAL DAY OF NON-VIOLENCE

The United Nations General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, father of Indian nation and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence, will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.

(Image: The sculpture "Non-Violence" in the Olympic Park in Lausanne, Switzerland)

   

 

   

OCTOBER 02 – 08  - WORLD WILDLIFE WEEK

Wildlife Week is celebrated every year with the view to arouse a general awakening in the common man in favour of protection of wildlife.

(Image: A picture that won prize in the drawing competition in connection with world wildlife week)

OCTOBER 04 - WORLD ANIMAL DAY

World Animal Day is an international day of action for animal rights and welfare celebrated annually on the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals (October 4). The mission of World Animal Day is to raise the status of animals in order to improve welfare standards around the globe

   

   

OCTOBER 04 - 10 WORLD SPACE WEEK

World Space Week is an important international event celebrated since 1999, according to a United Nations (UN) resolution. The week long celebrations held from October 4 to 10 of every year, commemorate two milestones in Space exploration; 4th October marking the launch of the first man-made satellite, Sputnik-1 in 1957 and 10th  October marking the day on which the UN declaration for peaceful uses of outer Space came into force in 1967. World Space Week is celebrated every year under the auspices of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), and ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU), Thiruvananthapuram, since 2001.  This year’s World Space Week theme is “Space Unites the World.”

October-08 – Air Force Day

Air Force Day is celebrated in order to increase the awareness about the importance of Indian Air Force in any organization of the national security by both officially and publicly.

 

 

   

   

OCTOBER 09 -  WORLD POST DAY

World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9th October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern. It was declared World Post Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across the world participate annually in the celebrations. The Posts in many countries use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services.

(Image: An advertisement of the Australia Post. “If you really want to touch someone, send them a letter” is the caption below the picture)

OCTOBER 10 –  WORLD MENTAL HEALTH DAY

World Mental Health Day is observed with the overall objective of raising awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilizing efforts in support of mental health. Studies show that at least 13.7 per cent of India’s population has various mental disorders.

   
   

OCTOBER   11 – WORLD SIGHT DAY

World Sight Day is observed annually on the second Thursday of October. This year it falls on 12th October. It is a global event to draw attention on blindness and vision impairment. The theme of the World Sight Day 2017 is “Make Vision Count”

OCTOBER 13 – INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION

International Day for Disaster Reduction is observed to raise the profile of disaster risk reduction. It also encourages people and governments to participate in building more resilient communities and nations. This year’s theme continues as part of the "Sendai Seven" campaign, centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework. This year focuses on Target C of the Sendai Framework, reducing disaster economic losses in relation to global GDP by 2030.


Image: An aerial view of the submerged Kochi International airport due to flood in kerala
   
   

October 16 – WORLD FOOD DAY

World Food Day is observed in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. The theme of this year’s World Food Day is “Our actions are our future- A zero hunger world by 2030 is possible”.

 

 

 

OCTOBER 17 -    INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed to promote people's awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries, as decided by the United Nations General Assembly.  This year marks the 25th anniversary of the declaration by the U.N. General Assembly to observe   17th October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year also marks the 30th anniversary of the Call to Action by Father Joseph Wresinski—which inspired the observance of October 17 as the World Day for Overcoming Extreme Poverty—and the recognition by the United Nations of the day as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year’s theme of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is “Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies”.

   

   

OCTOBER 17 – NATIONAL AYURVEDA DAY

Ayurveda, India's natural system of healing has spread worldwide as an innovative and comprehensive system of mind-body medicine. Recognising the importance of global Ayurveda, the government of India has decided to observe National Ayurveda Day on the birth day of Lord Dhanwanthari, the Lord of Medicine.  This year, it is being celebrated on 17th October.

Image: The logo for the National Ayurveda Day. The silhouette of lord Dhanwanthari, in the centre of the logo represents the lord of Medicine. The five petals in logo symbolize Pancha Mahabhuta and three circles beneath signify Vata, Ptta, Kapha, the fundamental principles of Ayurveda. An oval leaf encircling the elements depicts the essence of healing through nature based on these fundamental principles.

OCTOBER 24 – UNITED NATIONS DAY

United Nations Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. In 1945, nations were in ruins. World War II was over. And the world wanted peace. 51 countries gathered in San Francisco that year to sign the document. The document was a Charter, creating a new organization, the UNITED NATIONS. Since then, the UN is maintaining international peace and security, promoting development and giving humanitarian assistance to those in need,  upholding the international law, protecting human rights, promoting democracy and now working together to fight  climate change. 

(Image: Signing of UN Charger by leaders of participant nations – courtesy:www.un.org)

 

 

 

 

   

OCTOBER 27 – WORLD DAY FOR AUDIO-VISUAL HERITAGE

The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is the commemorative day chosen by UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to raise of awareness of the significance of and preservation risks recorded sound and audiovisual documents (films, sound and video recordings, radio and television programmes; providing opportunities to celebrate specific local, national or international aspects of the heritage; highlighting the accessibility of archives; attracting media attention to heritage issues; raising the cultural status of audiovisual heritage; and highlighting audiovisual heritage in danger, especially in developing countries.

(Image: Stacks of film reels preserved at the UNESCO headquarters: courtesy- www.un.org )

 

OCTOBER 29 – INTERNATIONAL INTERNET DAY

The internet has transformed the world like no other force before it, and it’s just getting started. The international Internet Day is observed to commemorate the event of sending of the first electronic message which was transferred from one computer to another in 1969. 

Image: Internet BGP peering map (red - multi homed AS, green stubs)(courtesy: Wikipedia)