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"JULY" IN KERALA HISTORY


SIGNIFICANT DAYS OF JULY



 
     
1959 JULY 31
First Communist Ministry led by E.M.S. Namboodirippad that came into power though ballot box for the first time in Asia on 5th April 1957 was dismissed by the President of India by invoking Article 356 of the Indian Constitution following the Vimochana Samaram (Liberation Struggle). The action of the Central Government was widely criticized as the first slaughter in the history of Indian democracy.

(Image: EMS Namboodirippad leading a procession of Communist Party workers with his family members in Thiruvananthapuram, after his ministry was dismissed from office)
  1960 JULY 01
V.V.Giri (Varahagiri Venkata Giri) took charge as Governor of Kerala. Later he was elected as the President of India on 24th August 1969.
     
 
     
1961 JULY 01
Post and Telegraph Kerala Circle came into existence. Kerala Post & Telegraph Circle was formed bifurcating the then Madras Circle. Prior to the formation of the state, there was separate postal service in the Travancore and Cochin State known as Anchal service. On formation of the new circle the whole state was under its control and in 1965 the circle was put under the control of a Post Master General.
(Image: Office of the Post Master General at Thiruvananthapuram)
  1961 JULY 02
Flood havocs in the state claimed 89 lives. Kerala's rain that occurred during two monsoon season resulted in an average 120–140 rainy days per year. This high intensity of rainfall is the primary factor for the extreme floods in the State. It is estimated that about 25% of the total geographical area accommodating about 18% of the total population of the State is prone to floods.

     
 
     
1966 JULY 01
Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) Kalamassery unit was inaugurated by Smt. (Late) Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India
 

1966 JULY 24
Asan Memorial was inaugurated at Thonnakkal. Thonnakkal is the birth place of Kumaran Asan, great poet of Malayalam that situated about 25 km north of Thiruananthapuram town. The house of the poet has been converted into a memorial and is now a tourist spot.

(Image: Asan Memorial at Thonnakkal).

     
 
     
1968 JULY 23
University of Calicut came into existence as the second University in Kerala. The University of Calicut is the largest University in Kerala. The University aims to foster excellence in education and research in Northern Kerala. The university has 30 post graduate departments and 373 affiliated colleges.
 

1969 JULY 07
C.Kesavan, former Chief Minister of the erstwhile Travancore-Cochin State, passed away. C.Kesavan was a multifaceted personality. He was a teacher, freedom fighter, journalist, revolutionist, advocate, and orator. Though he was an ardent follower and campaigner of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana (SNDP) Yogam, he was an atheist. In the first democratically elected legislative assembly of Travancore Cochin State, he was elected and became a member of cabinet led by Pattom A.Thanu Pillai.

     
 
     
1970 JULY 22
Pattom A.Thanu Pillai passed away. Pattom Thanu Pillai was a freedom fighter and the Chief Minister of Kerala from 22 February 1960 to 25 September 1962. He also served as the Governor of Punjab from 1962-1964 and the Governor of Andhra Pradesh from 1964 – 1968.
  1971 JULY 17
All India Radio (AIR) started station (High Power Transmitter of 100 KW MW) at Alappuzha. The first radio station was set up at Thiruananthapuram on 30th September 1937 as a broadcasting station. Later His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore inaugurated the Travancore State Broadcasting Station in 1943. A 5 KW Medium Wave Transmitted was erected at Kulathur and the studio was located at the premises of the present MLA hostel at Palayam. Initially there was two hours broadcasting on Friday evenings was aired. Consequent on the independence, theTravancore State Broadcasting Station was merged with All India Radio. The Alappuzha station of the AIR is . organizations around the worldAll India Radio (AIR) started station (High Power Transmitter of 100 KW MW) at Alappuzha. The first radio station was set up at Thiruananthapuram on 30th September 1937 as a broadcasting station. Later His Highness the Maharaja of Travancore inaugurated the Travancore State Broadcasting Station in 1943. A 5 KW Medium Wave Transmitted was erected at Kulathur and the studio was located at the premises of the present MLA hostel at Palayam. Initially there was two hours broadcasting on Friday evenings was aired. Consequent on the independence, theTravancore State Broadcasting Station was merged with All India Radio. The Alappuzha station of the AIR is . organizations around the world
     
 
     

1972 JULY 10
Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) was renamed as VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre by the Space Commission. TERLS became operational on November 21, 1963 with the launching of a rocket. After the death of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, on December 30, 1971, the whole complex of TERLS was renamed as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

(Image: Dr. Vikram Sarabhai with Dr.Homi J.Bhaba at TERLS)

  1974 JULY 28
Landslide at Idukki district claimed 60 lives. Idukki district is one of the most vulnerable district for landslide
     
 
     
1974 JULY 10
P.C.Kuttikrishnan (Parithullil Chalapram Kuttikrishna Menon), popularly known in the pen name as Uroob, passed away. He was a novelist, short-story writer and journalist. He along with other writers formed the progressive writers in Malayalam. His major works are Sundarikalum Sundaranmarum, Ummachu. He won Kendra Sahithya Academy Award.
  1983 JULY 01
P.Kesavadev (P.Kesava Pillai), novelist, short story writer, playwright and social reformer passed away. He is considered as one of the exponents of progressive Malayalam literature. Odayil Ninnu, Bhrandalayam, Ayalkar (Central Academi Award winning novel), Ethirppu (autobiography) and Oru Sundariyude Athmakadha are some of his works among more than 100 literary works.
     
 
     
1985 JULY 29
Thakazhy honoured with Jnapeeth Award. Janapeeth Award is the most prestigious literary honour in the country that was instituted in 1961. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpeeth, a trust founded by the The Times of India group of publications. G.Sankara Kurup (1965), S. K. Pottekkatt (1980), M. T. Vasudevan Nair (1995), and O. N. V. Kurup (2007) are the other winners of Janapeeth Award from Kerala.
 

1986 JULY 27
M.V.Raghavan, one of the vibrant leaders of Communist Party of India (Marxist) and expelled from the party, formed new political part viz., Communist Marxist Party (CMP). The new political party was formed consequent on the expulsion of M.V.Raghavan, from the CPI (M) due to a difference of opinion regarding the structure of alliances with certain political parties of Kerala. Since the suggestion was not in tune with the policy of the party, it was turned down. Later CMP became a part of United Democratic Front led by the Indian National Congress.

(Image: M.V.Raghavan addressing delegates at a district convention of his party)

     
 
     
1988 JULY 08
The Bangalore-Kanyakumari Island Express Train detailed on the Peruman bridge over Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam. Ten bogies of the train fell into the lake. 105 lives lost and more than 200 injured. Railway authorities claimed that the accident was due to a tornado. But this was not accepted by the general public as the area was never witnessed tornado. Still the reason of the accident remains as a mystery.
  1990 JULY 03
Bodheswaran (birth name Kesavan), poet, social reformer and freedom fighter passed away.
     
 
     
1991 JULY 19
Sri Chithra Thirunal Bala Rama Varama, former Maharaja of Travancore passed away. He was the last Maharaja of the princely state of Travancore, which became a part of Kerala State. During his reging Travancore became one of the developed princely states of the Indian continent. He introduced many social and political reformations in the state including the famous Temple Entry Proclamation.
 

1992 JULY 20
Violence at Poonthura, a coastal belt near Thiruvananthapuram – five persons murdered. Two sections of communal organizations decided to observe dharna and other agitations over the Ayodhya issue on 18th and 19th July 1992Ayodhya. When a section returned after their agitation, they were pelted with stones and crackers. This sparked off violence in the costal belt of Poonthura. Five persons were murdered consequent on the violent incidents and police had to open fire at five places to control the violence.

(Image: Police patrolling at Poonthura to control violent mob)

     
 
     

1993 JULY 04
Kerala attained total literacy among the Tribes

(Image: Demonstration before the Government Secretariat demanding land to all tribes of the state)

 

1994 JULY 04
Vaikom Mohammed Basheer, novelist and short story writer who won world-wide accalaim, passed away. Vaikom Muhammed Basheer was a famous novelist and short story writer. He was a humanist and freedom fighter. Many of his works have been translated into other languages. He is affectionately known as the Beypore Sulthan. He was awarded Padma Sri in 1982. His famous works are Balyakalasakhi, Shabdangal, Pathummayude Adu, Mathilukal, Entuppuppakkoru Anayundarnnu, Anargha Nimisham etc.

     
 
     

1995 JULY
Rajan Pillai, a Malayalee industrialist and internationally acclaimed business man based on Singapore died in Thihar jail. He was charged with breach of trust and fraud and running up a debt of $17.2 million. Though he obtained bail and a stay against his extradition to Singapore, police arrested at New Delhi and jailed. Pillai appealed for medical treatment but there was no response to the appeal and Pillai died the next day in custody.

 

1997 JULY 28
Call for Bandh (means complete close down) and its organization has been banned by a direction of the Honourable High Court of Kerala. Bandh is a form of protest and powerful means of civil disobedience organized by political activists and political parties or communities. During a bandh, general public is expected to stay in at home and not to present for work; shop keepers and business concerns are to keep their centres closed, public and private transport operators to keep off from roads etc.

Image: A transport bus damaged by the bandh supporters)

     
 
     
1999 JULY 24
Kerala High Court banned smoking in public places. Later smoking in public places has been prohibited from 2nd October 2008 under “Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places Rules, 2008 and Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003”. Places where smoking is restricted include auditoriums, movie theatres, hospitals, public transport systems, airports, bus stands/stations, railway stations, restaurants, hotels, bars, pubs, amusement parks, government and private offices, libraries, courts, post offices, markets, shopping malls, canteens, refreshment rooms, banquet halls, educational institutions etc.
  1999 JULY 24
Kerala Kalamandalam declared as a Deemed University Founded in 1930 by famous poet Vallathol Narayana Menon at Cheruthuruthy Thrissur District, Kalamandalam has won world wide acclaim as a residential centre for learning Kerala’s own cultural art forms.
     
 
     
2001 JULY 09
Series of land slide occurred in Idukki district. 23 persons killed. Victor George, Press Photographer who was taking photographs of disaster affected areas was one among them.
[Image: A scene of landslide (left); Victor George (right)]
     
 
     
2000 JULY 26
Abhaya Dev, famous lyricist passed away. Ayyappan Pillai who changed his name as Abhayadev when he joined Arya Samaj, was born in 1913. He had written lyrics for more than 50 films and gave way to young lyricists such as P. Bhaskaran, Vayalar Rama Varma, ONV Kurup, Sreekumaran Thampi etc.
 

2002 JULY 27
Kumarakom Boat tragedy. 29 persons, including 15 women and a nine- month-old child died. The 100-seater boat, belonging to the Kerala Water Transport Department was ferrying from Muhamma in Alappuzha district to Kumarakom in Kottayam district. It was carrying much more than its capacity as there was a rush of candidates appearing for the Public Service Commission test at Kottayam.

(Image: Rescue operations at the accident site)

     
 
     
2003 JULY 13
Literary Critic Dr. K.M. Tharakan met with his demise. He was a Professor of English Editor of Malayala Manorama Weekly and Bhasha Poshini. He was considered as an authority on western and oriental literature.
 

2005 JULY 26
Devikulam and Munnar witnessed heavy landslide that` claimed seven lives.

(Image: rescue operations at Devikulam after a landslide)

     
 
     
2006 JULY 05
Thirunallur Karunakaran passed away. He was a renowned poet, scholar, Professor of Malayalam and one of the left intellectuals of Kerala. His works include Samagamam, Manjuthullikal, Premam Madhuramanu Dheeravumanu, Rani, Rathri, Anthi Mayangumbol, Tashkent, Vayalar, AbhijnanaShakunthalam(Translation) etc.
  2007 JULY 12
Government of Kerala declared Boat Race (Vallam Kali) as a sports event
     
 
     
2008 JULY 01
Veteran Koodiyattam (classical theatrical art form) maestro Ammannur Madhava Chakyar passed away. He took the Koodiyattam art form from the temples to the general public. He won Padma Bhushan award in 2002.
  2008 JULY 02
Government introduced a new health scheme viz., Samagra Arogya Padhathi (Comprehensive Healthcare Programme) to all BPL families in the state
     
 
     
2008 JULY 10
R.S.Gavai (Ramakrishnan Suryabhan Gavai) assumed charge as the 15th Governor of Kerala. Prior to his appointment in Kerala, he was the Governor of Bihar. He was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council from 1964 to 1994, its Deputy Chairman from 1968 to 1978, and Chairman from 1978 to 1984. He was Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Council from 1986 to 1988. He was elected to the 12th Lok Sabha in 1998. He has received the National Integration awards for peace and harmony B. Ramakrishna Rao, V.V. Giri, Bhagwan Sahay, V. Viswanathan, N.N. Wanchoo, Jyothi Venkatachelam, P. Ramachandran, Ram Dulari Sinha, B. Rachaiah, P. Shivsankar, Khurshed Alam Khan, Sukhdev Singh Kang and Sikander Bakht were his predecessors.
  2009 JULY 19
Torrential rains and flood claimed 38 lives in the state
     
 
     
2011 JULY 29
Palakkad District Panchayat won the Rajiv Gandhi Award for the best District Panchayat in India. The award was instituted by Academy of Grassroots Studies and Research of India located at Tirupathy
[Image: President of Palakkad District Panchayat Sri.Kanda Muthan (left extreme in front row) with award at the function held at Thirupathy]
  2012 JULY 03
Central Government accorded sanction for the construction of Metro Rail at Kochi. Kochi Metro is under construction and it is expected to be completed by 2016. Total estimated outlay of the project is Rs.5180 Crore,